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Definitive XML Schema

Definitive XML Schema

Priscilla Walmsley (pwalmsley@datypic.com)

1st edition (December 7, 2001)

Prentice Hall PTR; ISBN: 0130655678

Chapter 1: Schemas: an introduction

Full example

This example consists of a very simple instance and schema.

Instance (chapter01.xml)
<product effDate="2001-04-02"
         xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:noNamespaceSchemaLocation="chapter01.xsd">
  <number>557</number>
  <size>10</size>
</product>
Schema (chapter01.xsd)
<xs:schema xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema">
  <xs:element name="product" type="ProductType"/>
  <xs:complexType name="ProductType">
    <xs:sequence>
      <xs:element name="number" type="xs:integer"/>
      <xs:element name="size" type="SizeType"/>
    </xs:sequence>
    <xs:attribute name="effDate" type="xs:date"/>
  </xs:complexType>
  <xs:simpleType name="SizeType">
    <xs:restriction base="xs:integer">
      <xs:minInclusive value="2"/>
      <xs:maxInclusive value="18"/>
    </xs:restriction>
  </xs:simpleType>
</xs:schema>
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Book examples

Example 1-1. Product instance
<product effDate="2001-04-02">
  <number>557</number>
  <size>10</size>
</product>
Example 1-2. Product schema
<xsd:schema xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema">
  <xsd:element name="product" type="ProductType"/>
  <xsd:complexType name="ProductType">
    <xsd:sequence>
      <xsd:element name="number" type="xsd:integer"/>
      <xsd:element name="size" type="SizeType"/>
    </xsd:sequence>
    <xsd:attribute name="effDate" type="xsd:date"/>
  </xsd:complexType>
  <xsd:simpleType name="SizeType">
    <xsd:restriction base="xsd:integer">
      <xsd:minInclusive value="2"/>
      <xsd:maxInclusive value="18"/>
    </xsd:restriction>
  </xsd:simpleType>
</xsd:schema>
Example 1-3. Product DTD
<!ELEMENT product (number, size?)>
<!ELEMENT number (#PCDATA)>
<!ELEMENT size (#PCDATA)>
<!ATTLIST product effDate CDATA #IMPLIED>
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